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Web Global Net Web Application & Web Development Project Center  |  Technical Issues  |  Object Oriented Programming & Design  |  Topic: OOP Advantages 0 Members and 1 Guest are viewing this topic. « previous next »
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Author Topic: OOP Advantages  (Read 9021 times)
« on: April 04, 2007, 01:22: PM »

One of the main benefits of OOP is the ease with which you can translate individual business requirements into individual modules of code. Because an OOP approach enables you to model your application based on the idea of real-world objects, you can often identify a direct correlation between people, things, and concepts and equivalent classes. These classes have the same properties and behaviors as the real-world concepts they represent, which helps you to quickly identify what code needs to be written and how different parts of the application need to interact.

A second benefit of OOP is that of code reuse. You frequently need the same types of data in different places in the same application. For example, an application that enables a hospital to manage its patient records would definitely need a class called Person. A number of people are involved in patient care—the patient, the doctors, the nurses, hospital administrators, insurance claims people, and so on. At each step in the care of the patient, that patient's record requires a note about which person was performing a given action (such as prescribing medicine, cleaning wounds, or sending a bill to an insurance carrier) and verifying that the person is allowed to perform that action. By defining a generic class called Person that encompasses all the properties and methods common to all these people, you get an enormous amount of code reuse that isn't always possible in a procedural approach to programming.

What about other applications? How many applications can you think of that at some point handle information about individuals? Probably quite a few. A well-written Person class could easily be copied from one project to another with little or no change, instantly giving you all the rich functionality for dealing with information about people that you developed previously. This is one of the biggest benefits of an OO approach—the opportunities for code reuse within a given application as well as across different projects.

Another OOP advantage comes from the modularity of classes. If you discover a bug in your Person class or you want to add to or change the way that class functions, you have only one place to go. All the functionality of that class is contained in a single file. Any processes of the application that rely on the Person class are immediately affected by changes to it. This feature can vastly simplify the search for bugs and makes the addition of features a relatively painless task.
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Web Global Net Web Application & Web Development Project Center  |  Technical Issues  |  Object Oriented Programming & Design  |  Topic: OOP Advantages « previous next »
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